Sport and nutrition go hand in hand for many people and there is a good reason for that. Targeted nutrition does not make you a world champion or Olympic champion. But in the end, it can mean the millisecond to the podium or the extra centimetres for the gold medal for high-performance athletes. Even recreational athletes can effectively influence their performance and regeneration with a balanced and healthy diet.
Dietary supplements are often used and, especially in weight training, there is a lot of advertising with special preparations. In principle, every healthy athlete can cover their need for macro and micronutrients with a healthy, wholesome and balanced diet.
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Nutrition tips for endurance sports
Endurance athletes require an increased energy source over an extended period of time. It is therefore significant that the carbohydrate supplies are totally replenished beforehand for optimal energy supply. Experts recommend a carbohydrate-rich diet here. Bread with cheese, muesli with vegetable and fruit wraps, and pasta with tomato sauce are samples of the foundation of a carbohydrate-rich, balanced diet.
Hydration is also a vital factor, particularly during extended activities. For training sessions that last longer than 60 minutes, you should drink fluids in between to compensate for the loss, especially through sweat. For workouts longer than 90 minutes, sodium and carbohydrate fluid intake are also recommended. This helps to replenish carbohydrate stores and restore electrolyte balance, which can be imbalanced by excessive sweating.
Proper nutrition for weight training
For strength athletes, the main focus is on protein intake. The aim of a strength athlete is generally hypertrophy, i.e. muscle building. Amino acids, i.e. the composition of the proteins, are necessary for this. You should optimally refill your nutrient and energy supplies after 30 minutes to 120 minutes at the latest to give your body a basis for muscle building after training. Approx. 1.2 – 1.7 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight are recommended for strength athletes.
Sports nutrition is not only interesting for high-performance athletes. It can also be an important factor for recreational athletes to achieve physical and health goals. A balanced, wholesome diet and enough fluids are optimal for performance.